TIPS FOR SAFE INTERNET USE
Unfortunately, there are people in this world who take advantage of other people’s good faith. Fraud systems become increasingly sophisticated every day; to help you protect yourselves from possible fraud, we are publishing some general information on security.
We recommend that you read the following, in order to identify any danger signals and find out what you can do to be safe.
What is “phishing” and how to identify it?
Phishing e-mails are fraudulently used to obtain an account’s identification data and information, such as user name and password. They are also used to encourage the receiver to download dangerous applications and software. The e-mail messages often warn the receiver that there may be problems with his/her account requiring immediate attention. They also provide a link to a fake website, where the person is requested to provide personal information or account details, such as user name and password, or to download illegal software.
What is “spoofing”?
Spoof e-mails usually propose job offers that act as “bridges” with money transfer or payment processes.
Tips for users: how to avoid fraud
Below is a list of recommendations we suggest to follow, to avoid becoming the victims of fraud.
- Be alert for e-mails that request personal financial information
- Pay attention to the text; phishing mailings usually contain unclear and alarming (but fake) messages to make people react immediately
- Beware of messages requesting information such as name, password, credit card number, social security number, date of birth, etc.
- If you suspect that a message is not authentic, do not click on the links to access web pages or other files.
- If you are in doubt about the sender’s identity, phone the company or access its website directly, by entering the complete address in the browser.
- Information such as credit card number or account details should only be sent through a protected/secure website or by telephone.
- Make sure that you utilise secure websites when you enter your credit card number or sensitive data through your browser.
Tips to avoid fraud
Fake job advertisements are sometimes posted in order to collect the candidates’ personal information for purposes other than a real job offer, and this may constitute a crime under Italian law.
It is advisable to apply the following rules in managing relations with potential employers:
- Do not provide your tax identification number during your first interview, even if they say it is only for a “routine check”.
- Do not provide banking or credit card detail, unless you have first verified the reliability of the potential employer you are engaging with. In principle, such information should only be provided after being hired, and only for the purpose of crediting your salary.
- On the phone or online, do not provide any personal details that are not relevant to the job offer.
- Be cautious when you are contacted by foreign companies.
How to report a fraud
If you think you have been a victim of fraud, you should report the incident to the police immediately and contact Job in Tourism.
No job advertisement may contain:
- Names, logos and registered trademarks of companies other than the client’s and its subsidiaries;
- Names of universities, towns, states or countries unrelated with the job advertised;
- Inaccurate, false or misleading information;
Advertisers may not utilise job listings in Job in Tourism for the following purposes:
- To post job advertisements that are not compliant with local, national and international legislation including, by way of example but not limited to, laws on labour and employment, equal employment opportunities and employment eligibility requirements, data privacy protection, data access and use, and intellectual property;
- To post advertisements that include screening requirements or criteria in relation to a job listing where such requirements or criteria are not actually necessary and/or required by law for the advertisement posted;
- To post business opportunities that require advance or periodical payments, or the recruitment of other members, secondary distributors or sub-agents;
- To post business opportunities to be solely compensated by commission, except in the case that the advertisement clearly states that the offered position is only paid by commission, and clearly describes the product or service the candidate would promote;
- To promote job opportunities that are discriminatory for candidates;
- Except where allowed by law, to post job advertisements that request candidates to disclose information concerning their racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, trade-union membership, physical or mental health, sex life, having committed crimes or being subjected to judicial proceedings.